In every field of social science, or even physical science, has a philosophical foundation of basic concepts that guide its development. There are some certain philosophical concepts in organizational behavior also. The concepts are
1. Individual differences:
Every individual in the world is different from others. This idea is supported by science. Each person is different from all others, probably in million ways, just as each persons DNA profile is different. The idea of individual difference comes originally from psychology. From the day of birth, each person is unique, and individual experiences after birth tend to make people even more different.
People’s perceptions are also differ when they see an object. Two people can differently present a same object. And this is occurring for their experiences. A person always organizes and interprets what he sees according to his lifetime of experience and accumulated value. Employees also see work differently for differ in their personalities, needs, demographics factors, past experiences and social surrounding.
3. A whole person:
An employee’s personal life is not detached from his working life. As an example, A women who attend the office at 8:30 AM is always anxious for her children’s school time (if her children able to attend the school or not). As a result, its impact falls on her
concentration that means her working life. For this reason, we cannot separate it. So manager should treat an employee as a whole person.
4. Motivated behavior:
An employee has so many needs inside him. So, they want to fulfill those needs. That’s why; they had to perform well in the organization. Some motivations are needed to enrich the quality of work. A path toward increased need fulfillment is the better way of
enriches the quality of work.
5. Desire for involvement:
Every employee is actively seeking opportunities at work to involve in decision-making problems. They hunger for the chance to share what they know and to learn from the experience. So, organization should provide them a chance to express their opinions,
ideas and suggestion for decision-making problem. A meaningful involvement can bring mutual benefit for both parties.
6. Value of the person:
An employee wants to be treated separately from other factor of production (land, capital, labor). They refuse to accept the old idea that they are simply treated as economic tools because they are best creation of almighty Allah. For this reason, they want to be treated with carrying respect, dignity and other things from their employers and society.