Fixed position or location layout

Fixed position layout involves the movement of manpower and machines to the product which remains stationary. The movement of men and machines is advisable as the cost of moving them would be lesser. This type of preferred layout where the size of the job is
bulky and heavy. Example of such type of layout is locomotives, ships, boilers, generators, wagon building, aircraft manufacturing, etc.

Advantages of Fixed position layout:
• The investment on layout is very small.
• The layout is flexible as change in job design and operation sequence can be easily incorporated.
• Adjustments can be made to meet shortage of materials or absence of workers by changing the sequence of operations.

Disadvantages of Fixed position layout
• As the production period being very long so the capital investment is very high.
• Very large space is required for storage of material and equipment near the product.
• As several operations are often carried out simultaneously so there is possibility of  confusion and conflicts among different workgroups.

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