Elements of Law 2014 July 2 Knec Past Paper

1. (a) Explain four advantages of delegated legislation. (8 marks)
(b) Explain six stages that a bill passes through before it becomes law in Kenya. (12 marks)
2. (a) Outline the hierarchy of Kenyan courts and their jurisdiction. (12 marks)
(b) In relation to the law of torts, outline four ingredients of defamation. (8 marks)
3. (a) In relation to the law of property:
(i) Outline three ways in which ownership differs from possession. (6 marks)
(ii) explain three ways in which ownership may be acquired. (6 marks)
(b) Explain four duties owed by the lessee towards the lessor. (8 marks)
4. (a) In relation to the law of succession, explain five powers of a personal representative. (10 marks)
(b) Explain five grounds upon which a testamentary disposition will fail to take effect. (10 marks)
5. (a) Outline five duties of an agent towards his principal. (10 marks)
(b) Petro instructs Albert, an agent, to sell his house. Petro withdraws Albert’s authority but Albert goes ahead and sells the house to Tito. Discuss the legal position of Albert regarding the sale. (10 marks)
6. (a) In relation to the law of contract, explain five essential requirements of a valid contract. (10 marks)
(b) In January 2014, Melisa’s car broke down and Karanja offered her a lift to and from work every day for two weeks. After Melisa’s car was repaired, she promised to pay Karanja Ksh 2,000 for the lifts she had been given. She however, failed to pay. Karanja is aggrieved and seeks your legal advice as to whether he can sue Melisa for recovery of the Ksh 2,000 she promised to pay him.
(i) Explain the legal principles applicable to the case.
(ii) Advise Karanja.

7. (a) In relation to the law regulating employment, outline five deductions an employer may make from the wages of his employee. (10 marks)
(b) Every person is deemed to have a right to personal liberty as enshrined in the constitution 2010, Explain five exceptions to this right.

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