TUESDAY: 2 August 2022. Morning paper Time Allowed: 3 hours.

Answer any FIVE questions. ALL questions carry equal marks. Do NOT write anything on this paper.


1. Explain three advantages of a public company over a private company. (6 marks)

Distinguish between “corporation sole” and “corporation aggregate”. (4 marks)

2. In relation to Company Directors:

Describe four items that constitute directors’ remuneration. (4 marks)

Summarise the information on loans, quasi-loans or credit transactions in favour of directors, their controlled bodies corporate and their connected entities that is required to be included in the notes to the financial statements of a company. (6 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)


1. In relation to company accounts:

Define the term “annual financial statements”. (2 marks)

Outline four financial statements prepared by a company annually. (4 marks)

2. The company Secretary is a senior position in a public or private company. With reference to this statement:

Explain the status of a Company Secretary. (3 marks)

Discuss three duties of a company secretary in a quoted company. (3 marks)

3. All limited liability companies need to appoint an auditor whose task is to express an independent opinion on whether financial statements show a true and fair view of the financial performance and position of the company.

Discuss four instances when it could be deemed that the financial statements present a true and fair view of the company. (8 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)


1. With reference to formation of companies:

Outline six statutory documents required to form a private company. (6 marks)

Highlight four common law duties of a promoter. (4 marks)

2. In the context of share capital:

Explain three ways in which a company might raise share capital. (6 marks)

Outline four circumstances when shares might be issued at a discount. (4 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)


1. Highlight eight rights of a member of a company. (8 marks)

2. Explain six rules governing shares and share capital of a company. (6 marks)

3. Describe the following types of share capital:

Authorised share capital. (2 marks)

Called-up share capital. (2 marks)

Fixed and circulating share capital. (2 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)


1. Outline six charges that must be submitted to the registrar of companies for registration. (6 marks)

2. Highlight three particulars of an existing charge acquired by a company that requires to be submitted to the registrar of companies. (6 marks)

3. Describe eight preliminary guidelines to be effected before a company conducts a virtual meeting. (8 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)


1. In relation to company investigations:

Explain the legal effect of an inspector’s report. (2 marks)

Explain two duties of the management of a company during company investigations. (2 marks)

Summarise three types of proceedings which might result from the inspector’s report of a company’s investigation. (6 marks)

2. Explain three circumstances under which the official receiver might apply to the registrar for the early dissolution of a company. (6 marks)

3. Highlight four grounds for which a company might be liquidated voluntarily. (4 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)


1. Discuss three ways through which a casual vacancy in the office of a company auditor might be filled. (6 marks)

2. In the context of mergers and acquisitions:

Explain three types of takeovers. (6 marks)

Highlight eight motives behind mergers. (8 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

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