UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS: 2018/2019
EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE IN INFORMATION
CIT101 COMPUTER AND SOCIETY
DATE: APRIL, 2019 TIME: 2 HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS: Answer QUESTION ONE and any other TWO Questions.
a) Explain the following terms: –
ii. Digital divide (4 Marks)
b) Computers are perhaps, the best invention by man so far. The have impacted the society
in the different sectors. Explain the impact of computers in the following areas: –
v. Health sector (10 Marks)
c) Briefly describe the Four types of computer security. (4 Marks)
d) Explain Four ways in which technology has threatened our privacy. (4 Marks)
e) The IT industry is increasingly aware of its own environmental impact. Describe at least
three environmental problems to which the industry contributes and how, as an IT
professional, you can help to solve this problem. (6 Marks)
f) List four objections to the concept of licensing Computer Professions. (2 Marks)
a) Describe ways in which emails and web privacy have been breached over the recent
years. (4 Marks)
b) Classify the following as ethical or unethical justifying your answer
i) An employee makes a copy of software and installs it on her computer at home. No one
uses her computer at home while she is at work and she uses her computer at home
only to finish projects from work
ii) A student researches solely using the web to write a report
iii) In a society in which all transactions occur online (a cashless society) the government
tracks every transaction you make and automatically deduct taxes from your bank
iv) Some copies a well-known novel to the web and encourages others to read it.
c) Today people rely on computers to create, store and manage critical information. It is also
important to protect our computers from breaches of security and security risk. Discuss
any four types of security measure that can be taken to ward off possible danger or
d) Discuss 4 impacts of social websites like Facebook, Instagram and twitter in the society.
e) Describe any FOUR possible benefits of telecommunicating to an organization.
a) Explain any four potential challenges of integrating technology into a class.
b) Authentication has played a major role in implementing computer ethics by safe guarding
against unauthorized access and use. Explain any five forms of biometric authentication.
c) Explain the distinction between the negative and positive right to freedom of speech.
a) With reference to Kenya discuss the societal benefits of implementing e-government.
b) Define the term Ethical hacking. (2Marks)
c) Describe four real world situations where computers have been responsible for job
a) Computer crime is criminal activity that is related to use of computers. Explain the
following forms of computer crime.
i. Computer fraud (2Marks)
ii. Copyright infringement (2Marks)
iii. Computer theft (2Marks)
iv. Computer attack (2Marks)
b) Explain any four key technological trends that heighten ethical concerns.
c) Describe two ethical problems created by technological revolution.