BIT 2101   ETHICAL, LEGAL AND PROFESSIONAL ISSUES IN IT KCA Past Paper

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS: 2012/2013
SECOND YEAR EXAMINATION FOR THE BACHELOR OF
SCIENCE IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
BIT 2101 ETHICAL, LEGAL AND PROFESSIONAL ISSUES IN IT
DATE: DECEMBER, 2012 TIME: 2 HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS: Answer Question ONE and any other TWO

QUESTION ONE
a) Discuss how information systems have affected everyday life. (6 Marks)
b) The Main project team is able to use a software configuration management tool a
joint copyright exists between Main University and the project team involved in
its development.In the course of his research duties on the Main project, Mathew
has access to the “SCM System”. After Mathew spent three days on his own time
studying the tool thoroughly he came to the conclusion that he could produce a
new package that would be faster, have greater capacity, and offer additional
features. He brought the proposed system to the notice of the Applications
Development Manager of SL Computing Services, Richard and showed Richard a
copy of the source code of the existing system and his specifications for the new
and improved product. After confirming that one person would be adequate to
carry out the project, Richard suggested that Mathew go ahead with the project
immediately. So during his part-time employment with SL Computing Services,
Mathew went ahead and developed the new product, meeting the higher
performance and new feature capabilities that he had envisioned but for SL
company. Resolve this situation using the steps in ethical analysis (6 Marks)
c) Discuss the ethical and legal considerations of Internet use (5 Marks)
d) Discuss at least five factors that have contributed to the digital divide (5 Marks)
e) When computer professionals take on jobs they may enter relationships with an
employer, a client , the public and co-professional. For each of these relationships
describe the ethical parameters the professional must observe (8 Marks)
QUESTION TWO
a) Outline the main provisions of the Computer Misuse Act 1990 and explain why it
was felt to be necessary. (6 Marks)
b) Discuss what would happen to software development if software were declared
„unownable „ (6 Marks)
c) Discuss the morality of creating machines capable of making human labor
obsolete. (8 Marks)
QUESTION THREE
a) Describe the essential elements relating to conduct that identify a professional
activity (8 Marks)
b) Discuss the ethical, social, and political issues raised by the government creating
massive databases to collect personal data on individuals and profile them?
(8 Marks)
c) Explain the term „techno stress‟ and describe some of its effects on individuals
(4 Marks)
QUESTION FOUR
a) Discuss the importance of language in a society (6 Marks)
b) The computer industry has responded to the Energy Star program with the Green
PC. Describe the basic elements of the Green PC (6 Marks)
c) What are the two principles of justice according to Rawlsian Justice (4 Marks)
d) Discuss why computer use and information technology create ethical issues
(4 Marks)
QUESTION FIVE
Gameplay is a small computer games company started by a group of ten university
computing graduates. Gameplay has devised a company logo that consists of the letters
GP in bright red, on a pale blue circular background. Gameplay has just developed its
first computer game, a science fiction based game entitled “sonic attack”.
a) Discuss how Gameplay could protect its company logo from misuse by other
companies or individuals. (8 Marks)
b) Outline what protection copyright would give the computer game developed by
Gameplay. (8 Marks)
c) Explain what a patent is in the context of computer hardware. (4 Marks)

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