BIT 1307  DEVELOPMENT STUDIES AND SOCIAL ETHICS KCA Past Paper

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS: 2010/2011
FIRST YEAR EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF
SCIENCE IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
BIT 1307: DEVELOPMENT STUDIES AND SOCIAL ETHICS
DATE: AUGUST 2011 TIME: 2 HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS: Answer question ONE and any other TWO questions

Question One
(a) Using relevant examples discuss how technology has enhanced Economic and Social development
in less developed countries. [10 Marks]
(b) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of foreign aid to a developing country. [10 Marks]
(c) In light of less developed Countries (LDC) discuss the following theories of development.
i. Dependency Theory [5 Marks]
ii. Rostow linear theory [5 Marks]
Question Two
(a) Discuss elements of group structure that influence groups to perform successfully. [8 Marks]
(b) Identify common economic characteristics that typify developing countries. [7 Marks]
(c) Explain the major causes of Inter-group conflict. [5 Marks]
Question Three
(a) Discuss the challenges facing the Agricultural sector in Kenya that hinder the sector from realizing
full potential. [8 Marks]
(b) . Discuss the benefits of transformational leadership in development. [7 Marks]
(c) Discuss the role of a community leader [5 Marks]
Question Four
It is very notable that many projects in Kenya have not been successfully completed.
a. Explain reasons leading to project failures. [6 Marks]
b. Explain key aspects in planning a project. [6 Marks]
c. Discuss indicators for development. [8 Marks]
Question Five
a. Explain the role of professional ethics in information technology education and training. (8 Marks)
b. Discuss the role of an ICT professional in rural and Industrial development. (7 Marks)
c. Outline FIVE disadvantages of division of labour. (5 Marks)

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