BAC3214   INFRASTRUCTURE IN NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTELLIGENCE.

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS: 2017/2018
EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN
APLIED COMPUTING
BAC3214 INFRASTRUCTURE IN NATIONAL SECURITY AND
INTELLIGENCE
FULLTIME/PARTIME
ORDINARY EXAMINATIONS
DATE: AUGUST, 2018 TIME: 2 HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS: Answer Question One & ANY OTHER TWO questions.

QUESTION ONE [30 MARKS]
a) Describe the concepts related to intrusion detection and prevention:
i) Site policy
ii) False positive
iii) Evasion
iv) Noise (8 Marks)
b) Identify any SIX factors that can breed terrorism. (6 Marks)
c) Discuss the distinct roles that defence forces play during the following times (6 Marks)
i) Peacetime
ii) In war
iii) In crisis
d) Outline any FOUR national interests that Kenya must protect. (4 Marks)
e) Explain the roles of the following committees that work with Kenya Defence Forces:
i) Kenya Intelligence Committee
ii) National Security Advisory Committee
iii) National Security Council (6 Marks)
QUESTION TWO [20 MARKS]
a) i) What is the ATPU? (2 Marks)
ii) Discuss any FOUR roles in the ATPU mandate. (8 Marks)
b) The relative amount of security in a locality, country or group of countries can be a result of
several factors. Identify and briefly discuss any FIVE of these. (10 Marks)
QUESTION THREE [20 MARKS]
a) Explain how the Kenyan republic is mandated to deal with the following:
i) Military threats (3 Marks)
ii) Cyber threats (3 Marks)
iii) Terrorism. (3 Marks)
b) Each nation has an inherent right to defend itself. Describe THREE defense forces that
secure and guarantee internal security and integrity of Kenya’s borders (3 Marks)
c) Security is equivalent to the degree of capable guardianship. Discuss any FOUR ways of
increasing capable guardianship. (8 Marks)
QUESTION FOUR [20 MARKS]
a) The recent massive flocking of immigrants from the Middle East and Northern Africa to
Europe and USA has posed new security challenges not witnessed before. Discuss in detail
the challenges of this immigration. (4 Marks)
b) Situational crime prevention deals with assessing the opportunities that specific situations
offer for crime and modifying these situations. Explain any FOUR ways of modifying
crime-attractive situations. (8 Marks)
c) Briefly discuss any EIGHT target surveillance techniques. (8 Marks)
QUESTION FIVE [20 MARKS]
a) Discuss FOUR characteristics of the nation that increase its vulnerability to external attacks
(8 Marks)
b) Explain the principles that guide the execution of Kenya’s Foreign Policy and the conduct of
her international relations. (8 Marks)
c) Discuss the roles of the Kenya Navy. (4 Marks)

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